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What Is Civil Harassment?
In general, civil harassment is abuse, threats of abuse, stalking, sexual assault, or serious harassment by someone you have not dated and do not have a close relationship with, like a neighbor, a roommate, or a friend (that you have never dated). It is also civil harassment if the abuse is from a family member that is not included in the list under domestic violence. So, for example, if the abuse is from an uncle or aunt, a niece or nephew, or a cousin, it is considered civil harassment and not domestic violence.
The civil harassment laws say “harassment” is:
- Unlawful violence, like assault or battery or stalking, or
- A credible (real) threat of violence, and
- The violence or threats seriously scare, annoy, or harass someone and there is no valid reason for it.
“Credible threat of violence” means intentionally saying something or acting in a way that would make a reasonable person afraid for his or her safety or the safety of his or her family. A “credible threat of violence” includes following or stalking someone, making harassing calls, or sending harassing messages, by phone, mail, or e-mail, over a period of time (even if it is a short time).
Civil Harassment Restraining Orders
A civil harassment restraining order is a court order that helps protect people from violence, stalking, serious harassment, or threats of violence.
You can ask for a civil harassment restraining order if:
- A person has abused (or threatened to abuse), sexually assaulted, stalked, or seriously harassed you, and
- You are scared or seriously annoyed or harassed.
Generally, for civil harassment restraining orders, the person you want to restrain is not:
- Your spouse/partner or former spouse/partner,
- Someone you dated at any point, or
- A close relative (parent, child, brother, sister, grandmother, grandfather, in-law).
If you have a close relationship like one of these, consider whether a domestic violence restraining order is best for your situation.
In a civil harassment restraining order, you can ask to restrain:
- A neighbor,
- A roommate,
- A friend,
- A family member more than 2 degrees removed, like an aunt or uncle, a niece or nephew, cousins, and more distant relatives, or
- Other people you are not closely related to.